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Adolescents: Feeling Stressed? Learn to Let Off Steam
Tackle the problem
- Break your work into pieces to get through it step-by-step.
- Make to do lists.
- Work before play. Otherwise you might have less fun because you are worried about unfinished work.
- Avoid people, places and things that bring you down and are bad influences.
- Let go of things you cannot change instead of complaining about them.
Take care of your body
- Relax. Try breathing slowly and deeply when you are nervous or angry.
- Eat well. Always have breakfast, drink water instead of soda and sugary drinks, eat smaller portions and replace greasy food with fruits and vegetables.
- Sleep well. Try to go to bed at the same time each night; exercise at least four hours before bedtime; take a hot shower an hour before going to bed. Try not to solve your problems in bed, and do not do homework, watch television, read or talk on the phone in bed.
Manage your emotions
- If you are stressed, take an instant vacation in your head. Imagine yourself in a more relaxing place.
- Try to take time each day just for yourself.
- Enjoy hobbies.
- Appreciate the beauty around you and the small things you sometimes forget to notice.
- Do not bottle up your emotions. Express them through art, talking to someone, writing in a journal, praying or even laughing or crying.
Make the world a better place. Helping others can help you feel better about yourself.
- Help a family member.
- Volunteer in your community.
- Help the environment.
- To create a personalized guide to manage your stress, visit www.aap.org/stress and click on For Teens Only.
- House dust mites
- Animal dander and saliva
- Chemicals used in industry
- Some foods and medicines
- Venom from insect stings
Allergies vs Cold Symptoms
- An itchy, runny nose with thin, clear nasal discharge and/or a stuffy nose
- Itchy, watery eyes
- Repeated attacks of sneezing and itching of nose, eyes, or skin that last for weeks or months
- No fever
- Often seasonal (spring, summer, fall before frost)
- Stuffy nose
- Nasal discharge that is usually clear initially but can turn colored and thick
- A duration of 3 to 10 days, with or without fever
- Occasional sneezing
- Absence of itching
Caring for Your Newborn
Caring For Your Newborn
After 3-4 days your baby should be urinating at least four times a day. Initially the urine will appear dark yellow. There may be a little red or pinkish staining on the surface of the diaper at times. This is simply urate crystals that form from concentrated urine. It should disappear once the urine is more dilute.
Immediate Relief for Constipation
Coughs & Colds
Coughs & Colds
How to recognize the common cold (or viral upper respiratory infection)
How to treat cough and cold symptoms
When should a child with a cold or cough be seen at the pediatrician’s office?
How to handle diarrhea at home
When to call or come in to the office because of diarrhea
New Dietary Guidelines for Children
- 2 servings of fish weekly are recommended.
- Discretionary and essential calories are clearly distinct to account for different levels of physical activity. The discretionary caloric intake increase recommended for physical activity ranges from 100 to 150 calories to 200 to 500 calories.
- Pediatric studies confirm adult studies’ conclusions that restricting saturated fat intake from 10 to 7 percent may reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by as much as 16 percent.
- Total fat intake in children may be restricted to less than 30 percent daily with no adverse effects on growth, neurological development, metabolic function, and nutrient adequacy observed.
- Caloric estimates with serving sizes provided in a table are based on age group (1 year, 2-3 years, 4-8 years, 9-13 years and 14-18 years), consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005.
- Guidelines for 1-year-old children include 2 percent-fat milk instead of fat-free milk.
What to do about ear pain?
What about ear infections?
Treat Your Body Right!
Find out why so many people make time to work out
Do right by your body and it will do right by you!
“Get it” together—partner with a few friends…
- Take a walk
- Walk a dog
- Play an active video game
- Play basketball, soccer, or wall ball
- Go dancing
- Go bowling
- Go rollerblading
- Join an exercise class
- Turn up the radio and dance
- Play cards
- Dig out that board game
- Take a woodworking class
- Learn to make jewelry
- Sometimes you just have to get up and go!
How and when to take your child’s temperature
Anti-fever medications and other treatments for fever
When to call or bring your child to our office
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) dosages (only if 2 months of age or older)
40mg (1/2 dropper / 0.4 ml infant drops)
80mg (1 dropper / 0.8 ml infant drops, or 1/2 tsp / 2.5 ml children’s suspension)
120mg (1-1/2 droppers / 1.2 ml infant drops, or 3/4 tsp / 3.75 ml children’s suspension)
160mg (2 droppers / 1.6 ml infant drops, or 1 tsp / 5 ml children’s suspension)
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) dosages (only if 6-9 months of age or older):
50mg (1.25 ml infant drops, or 1/2 tsp / 2.5 ml children’s suspension)
75mg (1.875 ml infant drops, or 3/4 tsp / 3.75 ml children’s suspension)
100mg (2.5 ml infant drops, or 1 tsp / 5 ml children’s suspension)
Symptoms of Flu
Contagiousness and incubation period
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick;
- Stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick to avoid spreading your illness, and keep kids home from daycare when they are ill;
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing;
- Wash your hands often to help protect you against germs;
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
For further information on the flu, check out the following web sites:
Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
When to call our office?
Safe and sound: Help young children get a good night’s rest
- Do not give your child a pillow until age 2. Make sure the pillow is relatively small and firm.
- Use guardrails only to keep a child from falling out of bed, not to restrain the child in the bed.
- Check labels of sleepwear before buying to determine the proper size and fit for the child. Sleepwear size 9 months to size 14 is sold as either flame-resistant or snug fitting (nonflame-resistant). Nonflame-resistant sleepwear should be snug fitting, because loose-fitting sleepwear is more likely to catch fire.
- Check sleepwear labels and fabric softener package labels before washing flame-resistant sleepwear to make sure fabric softener will not reduce flame retardancy.
- Keep cribs/beds away from windows to avoid falls.
- Keep drapery cords and electrical cords out of reach to avoid strangulation and falls.
- Place bunk beds in a corner with walls on two sides. Never let a child under age 6 years sleep in the top bunk.
What are the symptoms of sore throat?
What are the causes of sore throat?
How to treat a sore throat at home
When to call our office
You should call our office for an appointment if the sore throat lasts more than 3 to 5 days, is accompanied by high fever, or anytime you have any concern about your child. If you believe your child has strep throat (see above) we should examine them in the office within 24 to 48 hours.
- Is unable to swallow
- Is having difficulty breathing
- Is acting very ill
Vaccines for Adolescence
Vaccines and the Diseases they Prevent
PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH)
- Highly contagious with prolonged cough. If transmitted to infants, may be life-threatening.
- Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) adds pertussis disease protection while maintaining tetanus and diphtheria protection.
- Adolescents 11-18 years of age should receive a single shot of Tdap. Adolescents who received tetanus-diphtheria booster (Td) should receive Tdap 5 years after they received Td.
- Extremely serious disease that can rapidly progress to meningitis, pneumonia, and death
- Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) provides protection against these infections.
- Adolescents should receive a single shot of this vaccine during their 11-12 year old check-up or when they enter high school or college.
- Can cause different kinds of liver disease, including cancer
- Adolescents who did not receive the hepatitis B vaccine during childhood should receive the three-shot course of this vaccine.
- Highly contagious and can be a serious and sometimes life-threatening disease
- Adolescents who have not had chickenpox or the vaccine should receive this vaccine at their 11-12 year old check-up. If anyone is uncertain about having had this disease, a blood test can determine immunity.
MEASLES, MUMPS, & RUBELLA
- Historically among the most serious vaccine-preventable diseases
- Adolescents who did not receive the two-shot course of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) during childhood should receive this vaccine at their 11-12 year old check-up.